my telephone number is xxxxxxxx, if you have any special interesting, please tell your tour leader or me, we will try our best to make your stay in tai’an a pleasant one. we highly appreciate your understanding and co-operation.
ok. next time i must tell you that: the mountain tai is tall and steep, very steep in some places.
so you must pay special attention to safety, to do “walk not viewing, viewing not walk”, especially advantageous location, but also to “simply walk down, not looking up view”.
ok! now, i want to chat about the mountain tai with you. the mountain tai is located in the central of shandong province, east of the yellow sea, west of the yellow river. the mountain tai, ancient dongyue, also know as daizong、daishan. since ancient time, also know as“the five sacred mountains domination”. it formed 27 to 28 billon years ago, the total area of 426 square kilometers, 1545 meters sea level peak yuhuang ding. with the surrounding low mountains and hills, its relative height over thirteen hundred meters, which is giving a pull to sky momentum. based on the large and concentrated, giving a “rock solid” “heavy as mountain tai” natural feeling, so people warm to praise her.
therefore, the image of emperors became the spokesman for taishan, and left a lot of cultural relics in the number of mountains of the mountain domination position.
The Longmen Grottos are on the Yihe River bank, some 12 kilometers from ancient Luoyang city, about 30 minutes' drive. It is one of the three most important Buddhist sculptures and carvings in China. The Longmen Grottos enjoy a good location where two mountains confront each other between which flows the Yihe River.
The grotto was first carved in North Wei Dynasty, over 1500 years ago and expanded through the succeeding East and West Wei Dynasties, North Qi Dynasty, North Zhou Dynasty, Sui and Tang Dynasties and was finally completed in North Song Dynasty. Over 500 years' renovation and expansion have created the prestigious world cultural site. The most significant chiseling activities happened in the Tang and North Wei Dynasties, which lasted over 150 years.
Spanning a length of around 1 kilometer on the hillside along the Yihe River, the niches resemble dozens of honeycombs dotting the area. There are about 2.100 grottoes and niches, over 40 crematory urns, 3,600 inscribed stone tablets and over 100,000 Buddhist images and statues. The largest one is 17 meters high while the smallest is a tiny as 2 cm. One third of the complex are works of the North Wei Dynasty. These masterpieces are the Binyang Cave, and Lianhua( Lotus Cave). The impressive Qianxi Temple, Fengxian Temple, Wanfo Cave( Ten Thousand Buddhist Cave) are the highlights of the Tang Dynast's carvings. The Longmen Grottos are of great value in world sculpture history and it has been listed in the World Cultural Heritage Site by the UNESCO. To protect such a valuable heritage site, the Chinese government as well as some influential world cultural organizations are trying hard to share this site with the whole word. A large-scaled renovation was undertaken in 20xx to keep the grottos in good condition.
Ladies and Gentlemen:
Welcome to the Great Wall. Starting out in the east on the banks of the Yale River in Leaning Province, the Wall stretches westwards for 12,700 kilometers to Jiayuguan in the Gobi desert, thus known as the Ten Thousand Li Wall in China. The Wall climbs up and down, twists and turns along the ridges of the Yanshan and Yinshan Mountain Chains through five provinces——Liaoning, Hebei, Shanxi, Shaanxi, and Gansu and two autonomous regions——Ningxia and Inner Mongolia, binding the northern China together.
Historical records trace the construction of the origin of the Wall to defensive fortification back to the year 656 B.C. during the reign of King Cheng of the States of Chu. Its construction continued throughout the Warring States period in the fifth Century B.C. Walls, then, was built separately by these ducal states to ward off such harassments. Later in 221 B.C. The most extensive reinforcements and renovations were carried out in the Ming Dynasty (1368——1644) when altogether 18 lengthy stretches were reinforced with bricks and rocks. it is mostly the Ming Dynasty Wall that visitors see today.
The Great Wall is divided into two sections, the east and west, with Shanxi Province as the dividing line. The west part is a rammed earth construction, about 5.3 meters high on average. In the eastern part, the core of the Wall is rammed earth as well, but the outer shell is reinforced with bricks and rocks. The most imposing and best preserved sections of the Great Wall are at Badaling and Mutianyu, not far from Beijing and both are open to visitors.
The Wall of those sections is 7.8 meters high and 6.5 meters wide at its base, narrowing to 5.8 meters on the ramparts, wide enough for five horses to gallop abreast. Two-storied watch-towers are built at approximately 400-meters internals. The top stories of the watch-tower were designed for observing enemy movements, while the first was used for storing grain, fodder, military equipment and gunpowder as well as for quartering garrison soldiers. The highest watch-tower at Badaling standing on a hill-top, is reached only after a steep climb, like "climbing a ladder to heaven".
There stand 14 major passes (Guan, in Chinese) at places of strategic importance along the Great Wall, the most important being Shanghaiguan and Jiayuguan. Yet the most impressive one is Juyongguan, about 50 kilometers
Some of the most well-known sites in Xi'an are:The city is surrounded by a well-preserved City wall of Xi'an which was re-constructed in the 14th century during the early Ming Dynasty and was based on the inner imperial palace of Tang Dynasty.The Mausoleum of Qin Shi Huang and his Terracotta Army are located 40 km to the east of the city centre,in the city's suburbs.The Bell Tower and Drum Tower,both are located at the city's central axis.The city's Muslim quarter,which is home to the Great Mosque of Xi'an.The Giant Wild Goose Pagoda and Small Wild Goose Pagoda are both spectacular towers and both are well over 1,000 years old and have survived great earthquakes.The former is next to a large square with the largest fountain in Asia which projects water high into the air,rising and falling in time to music during one of the daily performances (usually at noon and soon after sunset).They protected Buddhist writings in the past.
The Stele Forest is famous for its numerous historic inscriptions and stoneworksThe Famen Temple and its towering pagoda located on the city's outskirtXi Ming TempleWolong Temple at Kaitong laneXingjiao Temple at Shaolin Yuan (where Xuanzang's Tomb lies)Jianfu TempleBlue Dragon TempleWangji TempleThe Banpo Neolithic village is located on the outskirt of the city properThe Qianling Mausoleum,one of the many Tang Dynasty era tombs located in Xi'anThe Shaanxi History Museum has a large collection of artifacts both modern and ancient.Mount Hua is one of the most visited and steepest mountains in the countryMount Zhongnan (终南山)Mount TaibaiMount LiHuaqing Hot Springs (华清池),at the foot of Mt.Lishan,have a history of 6,000 years,the adjacent Huaqing Palace has a history of 3,000 years.Ranked among the Hundred Famous Gardens in China,it also has the status as a National Cultural Relic Protection Unit and a National Key Scenic Area.
On behalf of our travel agency to you a warm welcome! Welcome to the beautiful city of The Mountain Tai, the State Tourism and Cultural City of the Tai’an!
This is Mr., our driver, who has many years of driving experience, so you may rest assured but sitting well in his car. My Chinese name is xx, you can call me Miss x. I come from The Unit Holiday Travel Agency. Then the next time, I come to you on service, so my job is to smooth your way, care for your welfare, try my best to answer your question, and be your guide.
My telephone number is xxxxxxxx, if you have any special interesting, please tell your tour leader or me, we will try our best to make your stay in Tai’an a pleasant one. We highly appreciate your understanding and co-operation.
Ok. Next time I must tell you that: the Mountain Tai is tall and steep, very steep in some places. So you must pay special attention to safety, to do “walk not viewing, viewing not walk”, especially advantageous location, but also to “simply walk down, not looking up view”.
Ok! Now, I want to chat about the Mountain Tai with you. The mountain Tai is located in the central of ShanDong Province, East of The Yellow Sea, West of The Yellow River. The mountain Tai, ancient DongYue, also know as DaiZong、DaiShan. Since ancient time, also know as“the Five Sacred Mountains Domination”. It formed 27 to 28 billon years ago, the total area of 426 square kilometers, 1545 meters sea level Peak Yuhuang Ding. With the surrounding low mountains and hills, its relative height over thirteen hundred meters, which is giving a pull to sky momentum. Based on the large and concentrated, giving a “rock solid” “heavy as Mountain Tai” natural feeling, so people warm to praise her.
For the climate, fertile land, they become a thriving ancient human heart and the birthplace of ancient culture. For thousands of years, they have been The East’s political, economic and cultural center.
According to legend, in ancient times, 72 emperors had come here to worship Heaven and Earth. Many writers also left inscriptions and steles here, and it gains the reputation as “a Natural Museum of a Art”
In China, many emperors including the first Chinese Emperor Qin Shihuang, the Emperor WuDi of Han Dynasty, Emperor XuanZong of Tang Dynasty, and Emperor KangXi、QianLong of Qing Dynasty and so on, held grand sacrificial ceremonies on its summit. It’s so-called “fengshan”. the “feng”, is built the round alter at the very top of the mountain to Heaven; the “shan”, is built the square alter under the mountains to Earth. If generation Emperor can high offer sacrifices to heaven and earth on the Mountain Tai, they will be to the world as peace and harmony symbol of peace and prosperity, the emperor himself seems to have become “the son of the Heaven”.
Therefore, the image of emperors became the spokesman for TaiShan, and left a lot of cultural relics in the number of mountains of the Mountain Domination Position.
Mt.Tai was also named the world cultural and heritage by United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization( UNESCO) in December 1987, with the ancient building complex comprising its main contents. In 20xx, the ancient buildings on Mt. Tai successfully entered the list of the Sixth Batch of National Key Protection Units of Historical Relics approved by the State Council, China’s cabinet. The ancient buildings were constructed along a nine-kilometer winding path. The important parts of the buildings are the Guandi Temple, Queen Mother’s Pool, Red Gate Palace, South Heaven Gate, Three Officers Temple, and Temple of Universal Illumination.
Emperors over the course of two thousand years came to worship on Mountain Taishan. The Temple to the God of Mt. Taishan(daimiao), at the base of Mount Taishan and the Azure Cloud Temple(bixiaci) at its peak are the two best-known sites. The Azure Cloud Temple is the best-preserved ancient structure on Mountain Tai. The well-preserved state of the ancient building complex is attributed to the scientific and systematic protection and management by related authorities.
Xi'an is a beautiful city with a very colorful history.There are so many famous buildings in xian,such as clay sulelievs,Banpo village museum and so on.If one day you come to Xi'an,you'd better visit some places of interest,so that you can learn more knowledges about this city.At last,I'm sure that you can have a great time in Xi'an.